Yemen and its challenges II
Yemen is a dysfunctional, disorganized state; it is vulnerable in political, social and economic arenas. But as usual, the picture is not black and white; it is highly nuanced. With sufficient political will there is real potential for improvement, especially in the areas of responsible and proactive governance, economic development and social inclusion.
However, for improvements to become a reality, well-targeted regional and international support is required.
Since reunification (1990) Yemen has faced major challenges. Putting two different states together did not make one viable, cohesive nation. Since neither component part had the requisite level of political maturity, this reunification just doubled the inequities.
Over the years, the resulting imbalances came under increasing strain as popular resentment was accentuated and the leadership?s unwillingness, on one hand, and incapacity, on the other, to move ahead with some show of justice and fairness became apparent. The decision- making process is over-centralized and personalized; thus, it is not able to cope with the numerous issues that arise in ruling a country of over 22 million in an institutionalized, transparent manner.
There are three major files to be dealt with in Yemen: 1) The Southern Movement 2) Al Houthis 3) Al Qaeda
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