NATO chief says Russia cannot block Georgia membership
TBILISI, Georgia: The secretary general of NATO declared Tuesday that Russian tanks and troops cannot block Georgia from joining NATO, but he acknowledged that the alliance was debating over how long the pro-Western nation must wait for membership.
In a strong message of support after Georgia's debilitating war with Russia, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said Georgia's "road to NATO is still wide open."
In a speech at Tbilisi State University, he said: "The process of NATO enlargement will continue, with due caution but also with a clear purpose - to help create a stable, undivided Europe."
Russia has adamantly opposed NATO membership for Georgia, whose location straddling a key westward energy route for Caspian and Central Asian oil and gas supplies has increased its geopolitical importance.
The NATO chief underlined that the alliance makes it own decisions. "No other country will have a veto over that process, nor will we allow our strong ties to Georgia to be broken by outside military intervention and pressure," de Hoop Scheffer said. "Georgia has a rightful place in this Europe."
De Hoop Scheffer came to Georgia with the NATO ambassadors of all 26 allies. On Tuesday, the delegation visited Gori, a city targeted by Russian bombs and tanks during the war, which now houses a large tent camp for displaced people. The NATO delegation also toured the base of a Georgian brigade that was bombed.
De Hoop Scheffer condemned Russia's recognition of the separatist regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent nations, saying Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity must be respected. He also called on Moscow to tone down its rhetoric.
He said NATO still wanted to work with Russia, but had put some ties on hold until Moscow complied with an EU-brokered cease-fire and withdrew its forces to the positions they held before the war began Aug. 7.
"Punishing Russia is not the way forward," he said. "The way forward, really, is to help Georgia."
The alliance in April declined to grant Georgia a Membership Action Plan - a key step toward membership - but assured it that it will eventually join.
"While all 26 allies agree that Georgia will one day be a member of the alliance, there are differing views on how fast Georgia should be admitted," he said.
Washington has supported Georgia's entry, but other nations, including France and Germany, balked in April, wary of angering Russia while Europe is so dependent on Russian energy.
The brief but intense war with Russia has damaged President Mikheil Saakashvili's standing at home - with some residents questioning the wisdom of the Aug. 7 offensive against South Ossetia. Saakashvili claims Georgia was responding to Russian aggression.
The Georgian government pressed its case Tuesday that intercepted cellphone calls showed that Russian tanks and troops invaded before Georgia unleashed its offensive against South Ossetia. Russia has claimed that Georgia was the aggressor, saying it only responded militarily to defend Russian citizens and peacekeepers in South Ossetia.
De Hoop Scheffer also met Tuesday with the speaker of the Georgian Parliament, David Bakradze, a Saakashvili ally, who said that while the governing party faced strong opposition, the country was united in its desire to join NATO and integrate with the West.
Russian tanks, troops and warplanes immediately repelled Georgia's Aug. 7 attempt to regain control of South Ossetia.
The Russian troops then drove deep into Georgia in a five-day war that killed hundreds of people and displaced nearly 200,000.
Russia has pledged to withdraw its forces from Georgian territory outside South Ossetia and Abkhazia within 10 days of the deployment of EU monitors, who are expected to be in place by Oct. 1. But Moscow has said it will keep nearly 8,000 troops in South Ossetia and Abkhazia for the foreseeable future - a plan the United States and EU nations say violates Russia's commitment to withdraw to pre-conflict positions.